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Loss of Lift: Piper PA-28R-180, N3849T; accident occurred December 31, 2019 at Charles E. Grutzmacher Municipal Airport (52K), Onaga, Pottawatomie County, Kansas

Saturday, May 23, 2020 Loss of Lift: Piper PA-28R-180, N3849T; accident occurred December 31, 2019 at Charles E. Grutzmacher Municipal Airport (52K), Onaga, Pottawatomie County, Kansas
Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Kansas City

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms 

Location: Onaga, KS
Accident Number: CEN20CA052
Date & Time: 12/31/2019, 1530 CST
Registration: N3849T
Aircraft: Piper PA28R
Aircraft Damage:Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of lift
Injuries:4 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

The private pilot and three passengers were attempting to depart from a 2,200 ft long turf runway. After lifting off the ground, the pilot observed the airplane not accelerating and it settled back to the ground. Concerned with clearing a shed off the end of the runway, the pilot aborted the takeoff and the airplane departed the runway into a valley, damaging both wings.

The takeoff performance chart for the airplane, which weighed close to its maximum gross weight, predicted a ground roll of 600 ft and a takeoff distance of 1,600 ft. The chart was based on a dry runway and did not contain a correction for turf conditions. Following the accident, the pilot stated there were no mechanical issues with the airplane and that he should not have attempted to takeoff on the short turf runway.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 55, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 08/20/2019
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 07/06/2019
Flight Time:  120 hours (Total, all aircraft), 14 hours (Total, this make and model), 67 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 8 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 0 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Model/Series:PA28R 180 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1967
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 28R-30171
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 12/01/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2500 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 5397 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-360
Registered Owner: Hasler Aviation LLC
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: Express Flight
Operating Certificate(s) Held:None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KMHK, 1056 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 32 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1152 CST
Direction from Accident Site: 227°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 9 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 280°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.08 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 4°C / -6°C
Precipitation and Obscuration:  No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Onaga, KS (52K)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: St Joseph, MO (STJ)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1530 CST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Charles E Grutzmacher Muni (52K)
Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 1183 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 36
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2200 ft / 61 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 3 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 4 None
Latitude, Longitude: 39.498056, -96.175000 (est)

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